Foreign trade and employment

Working paper

15 Dec 2018

Export employment is a subset of tradable sector employment. The tradable sector is that part of the New Zealand economy that is directly influenced by international conditions. This paper estimates the number of people directly and indirectly employed throughout New Zealand producing exports.


20 Sep 2017

In the past, manufacturing-led development typically delivered both productivity gains and job creation for unskilled labor. Underpinning the productivity benefits was the sector’s tradability in international markets, which not only reinforced scale economies and technology diffusion, but importantly, also provided greater opportunities to access demand...

Blog post

28 Mar 2017

This year is shaping up as a big year for Australian foreign policy. This FlagPost highlights some of the key milestones expected over the coming months.

The centrepiece of the Australian Government’s foreign policy agenda in 2017 will be a new white paper that...


28 Mar 2017

A report released today by Deloitte Access Economics – Mining and METS: engines of economic growth and prosperity for Australians – reveals that the total economic contribution of Australia’s mining and mining equipment, technology and services (METS) sector was $236.8 billion in 2015-16.



28 Mar 2017

A report released today by Deloitte Access Economics – Mining and METS: engines of economic growth and prosperity for Australians – reveals that the total economic contribution of Australia’s mining and mining equipment, technology and services (METS) sector was $236.8 billion in 2015-16.



14 Mar 2017


A key element of Australia’s debate on national security issues has been a notion of forced choice between an old ally and a new major trading partner. This is particularly so when strategic choices might produce economic disadvantage.

The dominant characters...


29 Aug 2016

Under various arrangements since the 1920s, there has been a free flow of people between Australia and New Zealand. Historically, migration flows across the Tasman have been large in both directions, but since the 1960s more New Zealanders than Australians have chosen to cross the...


23 Jun 2016

The authoritative compendium of statistics on merchandise exports and imports, this publication analyses the growth, direction and commodity breakdown of Australia's trade over the past three years. It also includes individual reports showing the composition of trade with Australia's top 25 trading partners and selected...


25 May 2016

Australia needs to improve its trade performance. As the Australian economy transitions out of the mining boom we need to find alternative sources of growth and jobs. Lifting – and diversifying – our export performance will be an important part of this strategy. That is...


20 Jan 2016

Malcolm Turnbull has directly lobbied US legislators to pass the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, which he describes as “a very critical part of America’s continued presence in the Asia-Pacific”.

Turnbull stressed the TPP’s importance in his talks with politicians on Capitol Hill, who included...


6 Nov 2015

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a free trade agreement (FTA) that will liberalise trade and investment between 12 Pacific-rim countries: New Zealand, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Viet Nam.

As the Depositary of the TPP...


30 Apr 2014

Open for Business: Removing the barriers to foreign investment is the third report released by The New Zealand Initiative on foreign direct investment.

This final report in The New Zealand Initiative’s series on global financial links has found that New Zealand has an...


29 Oct 2012

The Federal Government's new Asia policy argues that in order to thrive in the Asian century, Australia needs a clear plan to seize the economic opportunities that will flow and to manage the strategic challenges that will arise. Foreword Asia’s rise is changing the world....


18 Oct 2012

With global trade negotiations stalled, Australia is attempting to navigate between the competing demands of two giants, writes Jock Given in Inside Story.

IT didn’t look like it at the time, but 1995, the year the World Trade Organization started its work, may have...


15 Feb 2011

This report presents the findings of a review of the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) worker pilot training programme. The purpose of the review was to assess whether the pilot had achieved the intended outcomes and, if it had (at least in part), identify if any...


18 Nov 2010

Officials will resume negotiations for a trans-Pacific free trade agreement next month. In Inside Story, Jock Given looks at the potential impact on culture and information industries.

THE FREE TRADE agreement Australia signed in 2004 seemed like the last one that would ever matter...



19 Nov 2003

The Australia-US Free Trade Agreement is an opportunity and a risk, according to Jock Given

TRADE AGREEMENTS are the constitutions of the global economy. They set the limits on what nation-states can and can’t do.

It will be about as easy to change...


10 Feb 2003

Advancing the National Interest is the government’s - and Australia’s - second foreign and trade policy White Paper. It is a comprehensive assessment of Australia’s place in the world and articulation of the government’s strategies to protect and promote the security and prosperity of Australia...


20 Aug 1997

This is the first White Paper on Australia’s foreign and trade policy.

This White Paper takes a longer-term perspective - looking forward fifteen years - to the forces which are most likely to influence Australia’s external environment, and to the policy implications which flow...



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