26 Feb 2019

This paper argues that any war between India and Pakistan would be very detrimental to both countries.

Working paper

6 Feb 2019

The fourth industrial revolution involves the continuous and cyclical flow of information and actions between the physical and digital worlds. This revolution can potentially create a hyper-connected defence-industry-research-academia ecosystem able to continually innovate.

Briefing paper

6 Feb 2019

This paper argues that the United States should pursue an exit strategy that is based on realistic timelines, supports a viable peace process that achieves a legitimate, representative Afghan government, seeks to protect the political and social gains made over almost 20 years, and provides...

Discussion paper

18 Jan 2019

This Centre of Gravity discussion paper examines military expenses funding, arguing for direct war taxes and conscription or systems of national service.

Briefing paper

6 Nov 2018

This briefing paper considers the legacies of the New Zealand Wars and how they feature in the national consciousness.


1 Jul 2018

This report, drawing upon disability-inclusive methodologies of co-creation, development and engagement, maps the lived experiences of women with disabilities living within the war-affected areas of Sri Lanka.

Discussion paper

16 Nov 2017

Rodger Shanahan and John Blaxland argue about whether Australia should maintain military operations in the Arabian Peninsula or focus on threats closer to home.

Discussion paper

18 Sep 2017

The study draws on a number of computerised databases to chart the ebb and flow of the maritime campaign in the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation from 1963 to 1966 through the quantitative analysis of Operations Research.

Journal article

28 Aug 2017

This article traces the intellectual history and contemporary usage of the concept of grand strategy to identify the phenomenon or object to which the concept refers.


23 Aug 2017

This report documents how hundreds of civilians have been killed and injured since an offensive began in June (2017) to recapture Raqqa, the 'capital' and main stronghold of the armed group, Islamic State (IS).


11 Jul 2017

In the battle against Islamic State in west Mosul, Iraqi and US-led coalition forces failed to take adequate measures to protect civilians.


22 May 2017

Australia and other Western countries have to come to terms with their limited role in shaping the outcomes of the battle for hegemony in the Arab Middle East.

Discussion paper

8 May 2017

Building on his in depth reporting in Mosul in late 2016 and early 2017, Matt Brown explores the fight for this vital city in Iraq and the challenges that face the Iraqi Army, Iraqi people, their government and the wider coalition forces, including Australia, who...


17 Feb 2017

This report is based on a systematic review of open source information about the finances of Islamic State in its core territory in Syria and Iraq.

Key findings

Estimates vary widely. It remains impossible to say exactly how much money Islamic State...


13 Dec 2016

The Defence White Paper brought down earlier this year (DWP 2016), the seventh of its kind, appeared shortly before the 40th anniversary of the first, which was tabled in parliament by the Defence Minister, James (later Sir James) Killen, in November 1976.

For a...


6 Dec 2016

Between June and September 2016, over 17,000 people in 16 countries were asked to share their views on a range of issues relating to war.

Key findings

People living in countries affected by war believe the law matters. Over two thirds of...


27 Oct 2016


Following the 1914 election, the Federal Parliament comprised members of the governing Australian Labor Party (ALP), the Commonwealth Liberal Party (CLP) in Opposition, and one Independent Member of Parliament (MP). Although both major parties generally supported Australia’s participation in the First World...


30 Sep 2016

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Brendan Thomas-Noone argues that advances in technology are making tactical nuclear weapons more precise and potentially more usable. He argues that new arms control measures are needed to promote greater transparency about the development of these weapons.



7 Sep 2016

Executive summary

Recent operational experience, operating ‘through, by and with’ security partners in Afghanistan and Iraq, has yet to be codified into Australian doctrine. To develop such doctrine, the Australian Army requires a conversation, drawing on analysis of best practice, personal observation and...


29 Aug 2016


The Australian Government intends to acquire land-based strike capabilities in the 2020s. While these sorts of capabilities are not new to many of the armies of the world, they signify a distinct shift in the character of the Australian Army, which has...



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