School discipline


1 Nov 2017

This report uses the most current data to shed light on four specific forms of violence: violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence.


14 Aug 2017

This report finds that although there are comparatively few formal expulsions from Victorian government schools every year, for those students who are expelled, this is a significant punishment which can have a profound impact on their lives.


Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 531
2 Jun 2017

This paper discusses the implications for policy development around the management of student misbehaviour and conduct breaches.

Journal article

1 Apr 2016

The purpose of learning in Islamic schools should be to facilitate transformation on the path to ma’rifatu'Llah . Transformation over compliance would therefore best characterise those behaviour management models most appropriate for Islamic schools. But unfortunately, behaviour management models are often adopted in Islamic schools...

Journal article

26 Aug 2015

Undiscerning obedience to authority or compliance motivated by social approval differs substantially from volitional moral reasoning based on internalized values. The aim of this study was to ascertain why students would choose to act responsibly in the absence of external constraints. This article reports data...


23 Jun 2015

This report summarises the findings from case studies of seven schools that are part of the Positive Behaviour for Learning School-Wide (PB4L-SW) initiative. Schools were selected for their effective practice. In this report, commonalities and differences in practice are summarised, and key themes are illustrated...


31 Dec 2013

This report has provided the results of a survey of teachers in South Australian primary and middle/secondary schools on the types of behaviours demonstrated by students in the previous week of their teaching.

We have reported data on school characteristics such as school size,...

Technical report

Technical Report 2
2 Feb 2013

This report presents findings from an ARC Linkage Study, titled ‘Punish them or engage them? Identifying and encountering productive and unproductive student behaviours in South Australian schools’ (LP110100317), more commonly referred to as the Behaviour at School Study (BaSS). This second report focuses on teachers’...


10 Jan 2013

This study investigates how students renegotiate their membership of the school community following being stood-down from school. In New Zealand stand-down is the least serious of the school exclusion provisions available to schools under the Education Act (1989). By sending the student home at stand-down...

Technical report

Technical Report 1
15 Dec 2012

This report presents the initial findings from an ARC Linkage Grant, titled ‘Punish them or engage them? Identifying and addressing productive and unproductive student behaviours in South Australian schools’ (LP110100317), more commonly referred to as the Behaviour at School Study (BaSS). This phase of the...



20 Mar 2004

ACER's Research Director of Early Childhood Education, Alison Elliott, recently contributed the following opinion article to Brisbane's Courier Mail newspaper regarding trends for suspending students from school.



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