Canada

Report

The viewpoint diversity crisis at Canadian universities: political homogeneity, self-censorship, and threats to academic freedom

The study, based on a survey of professors and members of the public, reveals that Canadian universities are political monoliths whose lack of viewpoint diversity contributes to serious problems on campus. Professors, especially the 9 percent of conservative professors whose views differ from the overwhelmingly...
Working paper

Learning (in) Indigenous languages: common ground, diverse pathways

This working paper provides an overview of Indigenous languages learning in New Zealand, Australia and Canada. These three jurisdictions participate in an OECD initiative Promising Practices in Supporting Success for Indigenous Students, designed to help education systems to improve the experiences and outcomes of Indigenous...
Report

Firearm regulation in Australia: insights from international experience and research

This report outlines a comparative study of firearm injury prevention initiatives in five countries, including national gun buybacks, amnesties and weapon destruction programmes. The report was commissioned by the Government of Canada Joint Federal/Provincial Commission into the April 2020 Nova Scotia mass casualty.
Report

Canadian health care’s digital future: voices of key leaders

This paper argues that collaboration is critical to advancing digital health in Canada. The problem is not one of technology - it is rather one of working collaboratively to get the right policy frameworks, incentives and governance in place to enable health data sharing and...
Report

Next steps: pan-Canadian health data strategy

This report highlights key outcomes and discussion threads from a roundtable of experts who discussed next steps to build a pan-Canadian health data strategy.
Case study

Evidence-informed decision-making in Canada: how a grassroots movement restored respect for science - a case study

Evidence for Democracy believes that Canadian scientists and the public played a significant role in pushing for the return of science-informed decisions in the federal government. In other words, grassroots advocacy and organising created real change, and influenced the shift toward evidence-informed decision making.
Report

Assisting first homebuyers: an international policy review

This research reviews first homebuyer assistance programs in Australia and seven comparator countries: Canada, Finland, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Singapore and the UK.
Book

Policy success in Canada

This book analyses what is distinctive about introducing and implementing successful public policies in Canada - one of the world’s wealthiest economies, and one of its most politically decentralised and regionally diverse federations.
Report

Top of mind: 2022 summary report

This summary report represents a sample of the rich insights and views of Canada’s senior public servants on their work and their institutions. Readers and researchers are well advised to take the time and review the detailed reports more closely, to draw additional lessons and...
Report

Some international themes in fiscal equalisation: an Australian perspective

Many countries allocate funds to regional governments to reduce disparities in government services. This is generally known as horizontal fiscal equalisation. Countries implement it in different ways, and with slightly different goals. This paper considers four well established systems, identifying differences and common themes.
Article

Lessons learned from E4D’s Science to Policy Accelerator

In February and March 2022, Evidence for Democracy hosted 25 early-career researchers for their inaugural Science to Policy Accelerator program. This article outlines some of the program’s key takeaways about public policy, and how scientists and researchers can contribute to the science policy ecosystem in...
Report

Aligning the research library to organizational strategy

The Association of Research Libraries and the Canadian Association of Research Libraries commissioned Ithaka S+R to consult with university leaders in Canada and the United States to identify their strategic priorities, to gauge their expectations of research libraries in achieving them, and to determine what...
Report

Next-generation technology and electoral democracy: understanding the changing environment

Using case studies from experts in fields such as computer science, law and public policy, this special report offers recommendations to guide policy-makers and stakeholders on how to protect elections from next-generation technologies and the threats they pose to democracy.
Report

COVID-19: housing market impacts and housing policy responses - an international review

Two years after the outbreak of COVID-19, this report analyses pandemic impacts on housing systems across a range of high income countries during this period, and documents a range of policy responses relating to housing and homelessness.
Report

Employers’ lessons learned in hiring, retaining and advancing employees with disabilities

This report synthesises findings from research and roundtables about organisational inclusion of employees with disabilities. The findings reflect lessons learned by employers, by practitioners supporting employers, and by employees working to identify possible directions for improvement.
Report

The shattered mirror: 5 years on

This report discusses how to save local news in Canada, and how to best adapt the Australian model of negotiated compensation between Google/Meta and the news industry.
Report

Social media responsibility and free speech: a new approach for dealing with ‘Internet harms'

There are increasing demands from the public, media and politicians for some imposition of order on the Internet, much of which focuses on the management of speech. This paper outlines some of the primary pressures Canadians are facing in terms of censorship, algorithms, data collection...
Report

Eyes on evidence II: an assessment of the transparency of evidence usage in the Government of Canada

Policy-making is a complex and nuanced process, where policy actors must make sense of constantly evolving information in order to deliver policies that best serve the needs of the people. In this study, the authors apply a framework to assess the transparency of evidence use...
Report

Scoping AI governance: a smarter tool kit for beneficial applications

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems can be used to promote equality and non-discrimination, but without the right AI governance strategies, they can have the opposite effect. This paper aims to provide policy-makers with the tools, interventions and regulations that promote AI fairness.
Report

Student, interrupted: international education and the pandemic

This report shows that all destination countries have experienced disruption to their international education sectors. The greatest reductions occurred in the middle of 2020, when countries introduced lockdowns and border restrictions in response to the first wave of the pandemic.