The Internet shutdowns

Government-imposed internet shutdowns are on the rise globally, with devastating impacts on affected communities. This document highlights some of the countries that are regularly implementing internet blackouts.
Journal article

A model for evaluating causes of wastes and lean implementation in construction projects

This paper proposed a two-level model based on fuzzy logic technique for evaluating Causes of Wastes (CWs) and lean implementation in construction projects. Results demonstrated that the expected lean effect is found with a positive correlation with various levels of wastes and can be improved...

The Gulf divided: the impact of the Qatar crisis

Since 2017, Qatar has been subject to a boycott by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt (the Arab Quartet), creating a deep rift in a region already beset by civil wars and insurgencies. This paper examines the causes and dynamics of this dispute in...

Exit from aid: an analysis of country experiences

This report looks systematically at the impact on development financing of countries’ transition from low- to middle-income status. It includes eight case studies: Egypt, Ghana, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
Working paper

Restoration, transformation and adaptation: authoritarianism after 2011 in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iran

Following the push for reform during the popular uprising in 2011, authoritarianism is once again dominating domestic politics and power relations in the MENA region. Drawing on data collected during field trips to Cairo, Tehran, Beirut and Kuwait city, the authors of this MENARA report...
Briefing paper

Israeli–Palestinian peacemaking: the role of the Arab states

Because of their good relations with both the US and Israel, certain Arab states are well placed to play an important role in Israeli–Palestinian peacemaking. This briefing explores four scenarios concerning their role in the process and the likely outcomes.

Crushing humanity: the abuse of solitary confinement in Egypt's prisons

Amnesty International has examined the Egyptian authorities’ use of solitary confinement as a tool to inflict additional punishment against prisoners with a political profile. It has found that solitary confinement for such prisoners invariably amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, and sometimes...

Policy briefing: after the Arab uprisings - prospects for a media that serves the public

This briefing explores the evolving relationship between media and politics in the period following the Arab uprisings of 2011. Overview: Over the past several years, the Arab world has been characterised by an increasingly polarised political discourse. ‘After the Arab uprisings: the prospects for a...
Discussion paper

Egyptian Revolution: revolution or repetition?

During January and February of 2011 the political activity that took place in Egypt was celebrated and heralded as a positive move towards democracy and social justice. This optimism was heartfelt and as the Mubarak Regime collapsed we (Egyptian citizens) were convinced that Egypt was...

One year after Morsi’s ouster, divides persist on El-Sisi, Muslim Brotherhood

Summary: Nearly a year of tumult and violence has drained Egyptians of their optimism and battered the images of key players in the post-Mubarak era, according to a new survey by the Pew Research Center. As a controversial presidential election approaches, 72% of Egyptians are...
Journal article

Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement

This research will discuss principles, methods, and implementation phases of lean construction showing the waste in construction and how it could be minimized.
Journal article

Implementation of lean construction techniques for minimizing the risks effect on project construction time

The construction projects involve various risk factors which have various impacts on time objective that may lead to time-overrun. This study suggests and applies a new technique for minimizing risk factors effect on time using lean construction principles.

Women and the web: bridging the internet gap and creating new global opportunities in low and middle-income countries

Executive summary From activists in Egypt to coffee farmers in Colombia, the Internet has transformed the lives of billions of people. It functions as a gateway to ideas, resources, and opportunities that never could have been realized before, let alone fathomed. All around the world...

The future of food and water security in new Egypt

This paper argues that there is a moderate to high risk that Egypt will develop both food and water crises in the next decade.

Egypt's democratic farce

On 23 and 24 May, Egypt conducted its first round of presidential elections since Hosni Mubarak was deposed in February last year. A second round of voting will be held on 16 and 17 June to decide the outcome, since no candidate garnered enough votes...