policy costings


12 Apr 2019

This guidance note provides information on the 2019 Post-election report of election commitments, including arrangements for engagement with parliamentary parties.


30 Jul 2018

Previously, only government members could access public sector expertise and information for fiscal analysis. Now, all Members of Parliament can request the services of the PBO to understand the fiscal impact of their policies. This will ‘level the playing field’ for political parties, improving fairness...

Briefing paper

30 Nov 2017

This PBO information paper provides a conceptual explanation of what a costing is, what a costing is designed to capture and how a costing estimate is generated. It has been prepared to improve understanding of what a costing represents and assist in the interpretation of...

Briefing paper

30 Nov 2017

A key role for the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) is to prepare budget quality costings of policies proposed by members of Parliament. This paper explains the PBO’s approach and sets out how and when broader economy wide effects, also referred to as second round effects,...

Technical report

Technical note no. 01/2017
13 Sep 2017

This technical note has been prepared to raise awareness of the factors affecting uncertainty in costings and how the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) deals with them.


18 Aug 2016

The Fiscal Integrity and Transparency Act requires the public release of a Pre-Election Fiscal Outlook Report within 10 days of the issue of a writ for a Northern Territory general election.

In accordance with this requirement, the Report was released on 18 August 2016....



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