This submission presents evidence from several different strands of research undertaken over the past three years, all of which touch in different ways on the challenges and opportunities associated with on-demand or 'gig' work.
This discussion paper outlines the nature of insecure work in Australia. It defines how we got here, and what the impact of such widespread workplace insecurity is on Australia’s workers and its economy.
The future of work is currently receiving attention at the highest policy levels. This paper demonstrates the case for a strong gender lens in these debates and makes a clear call for women’s economic empowerment to be at the front and centre of efforts to...
This paper describes and tries to reconcile trends in alternative work arrangements in the United States using data from the Contingent Worker Survey supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS) for 1995 to 2017, the 2015 RAND-Princeton Contingent Work Survey (CWS), and administrative tax data...
These are challenging and confusing times for graduates trying to find meaningful employment in today’s workplace and their parents. The same goes for experienced people who are losing what they thought were steady jobs and trying to find new jobs in a workplace they don’t...
The Victorian government has announced an inquiry into the on-demand workforce. The inquiry, chaired by former Federal Fair Work Ombudsman, Natalie James, will investigate the extent of the on-demand sector and the status of people working with or for on-line companies or platforms in Victoria....
In the past few decades other non-standard or non-traditional forms of employment such as labour hire, employees on short-term contracts, and engagement of independent contractors have emerged as hiring options for employers. This snapshot sheds light on the significance and contribution of different forms of...
Labour markets are undergoing major transformations as a result of globalisation, technological and demographic changes. The digital revolution, in particular, is promoting new forms of employment mediated by online platforms. The scale and scope of these changes are hard to assess because conventional labour market...
This paper examines current or proposed changes to the sharing economy, regulations hitting the labour hire industry, proposals to tackle ‘wage theft’, and the introduction of industrial manslaughter laws, in the context of the rapid growth of the Victorian public sector since 2014.
This research reviews different emerging digital and disruptive technologies in relation to housing. One key conclusion is that the sharing or ‘gig’ economy, with the likes of Airbnb, is already disrupting the housing sector.
We explore the rise of the so-called “gig economy” through the lens of Uber and its drivers in the United Kingdom. Using administrative data from Uber and a new representative survey of London drivers, we explore their backgrounds, earnings, and well-being. We find that the...
A response is needed to the numerous issues spurred by the expansion of the gig economy, where flexible patterns of employment prevail in contrast to permanent jobs. In this context of the exponential growth of the digital economy and underlying business models the largest nationwide...
The rise of the “gig economy” has attracted wide attention from both scholars and the popular media. Much of this attention has been devoted to jobs mediated through various online platforms. While non-traditional work arrangements have been a perennial subject of debate and study, the...
This research report uses interviews with over 100 domestic and ridehailing platform workers in major U.S. cities to reveal how technology is reshaping the future of labor.
Analysis shows that workers in the gig economy tend to have lower wages than employees. They also often miss out on a number of other benefits. Further, their classification as independent contractors has implications on their tax status and superannuation. This research note examines how...
Under existing American labor, employment, and tax laws, in any one work relationship, a worker is either an “employee” or an “independent contractor.” This binary classification of workers, and the high-stakes outcomes it produces, have been challenged by “gig economy,” or “online platform” companies that...
For the first time on record, less than half of employed Australians hold a ‘standard job’ - that is, a permanent full-time paid job with leave entitlements. This report looks at the growing insecurity of work in Australia.
This article explores how New Zealand might adapt workplace relations laws to better protect vulnerable workers in the new, 'gig economy.'
This report simulates the net hourly incomes received by UberX drivers in six Australian cities, and finds that they almost certainly earn much less than would be required under relevant minimum wage standards.
This report describes an $80 billion GDP (value-added) industry employing some 625,000 Australians and on the cusp of change. Some parts of the transport industry are more immune to change than others – so the report provides insights into the technology and overlay of social...