This report contends that the Middle East regional order since 2011 has changed in several ways and argues that the sovereign state system and territorial boundaries are more resilient than widely assumed.
Following the push for reform during the popular uprising in 2011, authoritarianism is once again dominating domestic politics and power relations in the MENA region. Drawing on data collected during field trips to Cairo, Tehran, Beirut and Kuwait city, the authors of this MENARA report...
This report argues that democratic governments must become more proactive in countering the CCP’s extension of social credit. This includes planning ahead and moving beyond reactive reciprocal responses.