This report notes that due to economic difficulties since the 2008 financial meltdown, many developing countries need to channel an additional 1.5 per cent of gross domestic product to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
With only four years remaining in which to achieve the key targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), most of the world’s Heads of State and Government came to the United Nations in September 2010 to take stock of progress made thus far. Despite significant setbacks owing to the 2008-2009 global economic crisis and surges in food and energy prices, it seems that the developing world as a whole will reach many of the MDGs. However, some countries and regions are not on track to reach the goals and require intensified efforts to reduce poverty and child and maternal mortality rates and to improve access to drinking water and sanitation. The objective of MDG 8 is to assist all developing countries in achieving the goals through a strengthened global partnership for international development cooperation. The present report describes how that partnership is producing significant results on many fronts, but notes that many important gaps between expectations and delivery remain. At the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (the “MDG summit”), which was held from 20 to 22 September 2010, Governments committed themselves to strengthening the global partnership in order to “keep the promises” to the peoples of the world, particularly the poorest among them, which they had made 10 years previously in the Millennium Declaration.
When the MDG partnership goals were conceived, the deep global financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009 and its consequences had not been anticipated. Indeed, many countries now need to devote substantial additional resources to MDG-related programmes to overcome the effects of the global recession; in some cases, as much as 1.5 per cent of their annual gross domestic product (GDP) is required. This is beyond what many countries can mobilize on their own. Stepping up international support is, therefore, essential.
To underscore the importance of the promised cooperation in realizing the MDGs by 2015, the United Nations is setting up an enhanced monitoring mechanism to provide greater accountability for delivery on the commitments to the global partnership for development among all stakeholders. To be called the Integrated Implementation Framework (IIF), the proposal is expected to be operational by the end of 2011.
At the same time, it has become increasingly recognized that, in our highly decentralized international system, greater coherence is needed among policies on aid, trade, finance, employment and the environment. With commitments made at so many international forums and meetings, it is essential that these policies and other efforts complement one another in a coherent manner and that they not work at cross purposes. As the United Nations is the global community’s forum for integrated, holistic policy discussion, the General Assembly decided to begin, later in 2011, to consider how to better serve that function so as to, inter alia, best facilitate the achievement of the MDGs in all countries.