The Australian Population Based Screening Framework was first developed by the Screening Subcommittee of the Australian Population Health Development Principal Committee and endorsed by the Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (AHMAC) in 2008. In 2016, the framework was updated to incorporate new and emerging issues by the Standing Committee on Screening (SCoS) of the Clinical Principal Committee (formerly of the Community Care and Population Health Principal Committee (CCPHPC)) of AHMAC.
The purpose of the framework is to inform decision-makers on the key issues to be considered when assessing potential screening programs in Australia. The framework has been divided into two parts:
- the criteria that should be used to assess whether screening should be offered or a screening program introduced for diseases or conditions
- the key principles for the implementation and management of screening programs.
The framework is underpinned by the principles of access and equity, which are fundamental elements of all population screening programs, and is intended to provide guidance and inform judgement.