Yasuji Ishigaki from Tokai University Law School discusses how Japan sees its own situation in Asia and the Pacific region. How different for Japan is the current political situation in Asia from that of some years back? Secondly, if the situation has become very different, how should Japan act to fit in the present situation most appropriately? What should be Japan’s strategy to deal with a new situation in the region? Thirdly, under those circumstances, how should Japan look anew at her partnership with Australia? Japan’s geopolitical context has been undergoing dramatic changes in recent years. I wish to point out some major factors which have brought those changes. First and foremost factor is certainly the remarkable rise of China, that is, China’s rapidly growing political influence and economic power.