Lydia Khalil


Digital authoritarianism, China and COVID

This paper argues that the onus is on democracies to do more to counter the harmful aspects of China’s global technology agenda, and to find ways to harness technology, including artificial intelligence, for the global public good, while preserving hard-won democratic rights and liberties.

Behind the veil: women in jihad after the caliphate

The cohort of former caliphate members of mostly women and children now held in camps pose a key challenge for counterterrorism efforts around the world. Assumptions about women and violence can obstruct an accurate assessment of the threat female IS supporters pose and an accurate...

Foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq: the day after

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Research Fellow Dr Rodger Shanahan and Nonresident Fellow Lydia Khalil argue that an increasing number of foreign fighters are likely to leave Syria and Iraq in the coming months and years, especially after the collapse of Islamic State’s caliphate, exacerbating...

Trends in a tumultuous region: Middle East after the Arab Awakening

Two years after the start of the Arab uprisings, the Middle East remains as tumultuous as ever. Despite the uncertainty and flux, a number of emerging trends will influence the region in the post-revolutionary period and well into the future.The first trend is a marked...

US counter-radicalisation strategy: the ideological challenge

This paper examines US counter-radicalisation strategy and outlines specific recommendations to counter the ideology behind violent domestic terrorism. The death of Osama bin Laden and the emergence of the Arab Spring has de-emphasised many political grievances that have driven terrorist attacks in the past. However...