Carol Bower

Journal article

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and youth justice: a prevalence study among young people sentenced to detention in Western Australia

This study, in a representative sample of young people in detention in Western Australia, has documented a high prevalence of FASD and severe neurodevelopmental impairment, the majority of which had not been previously identified.
Journal article

Midwives’ knowledge, attitudes and practice about alcohol exposure and the risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

BackgroundAlcohol is a teratogenic substance and, when consumed during pregnancy, is associated with a range of adverse effects in the developing fetus, including spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, low birthweight, growth deficiency, intra-uterine growth restriction , and prematurity. The umbrella term FASD describes disabilities that include fetal...