The lobbying ghost in the machine
This report identifies the lobby attempts of large United States tech corporations to influence the European Union’s regulation of artificial intelligence. It finds that 'big tech' has pushed all its levers to water down the regulation.
Mitigating global fragmentation in digital trade governance: a case study
Digital trade is growing rapidly, and regulators are trying to keep up. This paper looks at how five leading digital economies are using regional trade agreements to address regulatory concerns at the same time as enhancing trade.
An assessment of Europe’s options for addressing the crisis in energy markets
Just like Australia, Europe’s energy markets are in crisis. Wholesale prices for electricity and gas have risen dramatically since early 2021. The authors of this paper examine the causes of the current very high wholesale prices, high producer rents and price volatility. They also outline...
Influencing states' policy and practice on the protection of civilians
This briefing note explores the current practice of international humanitarian organisations in seeking to influence states on their policy and practice regarding the protection of civilians in armed conflict. It considers what factors are inhibiting and enabling these organisations’ influence on states, and sets out...
Transforming food systems with farmers: a pathway for the EU
This report, developed in collaboration with Deloitte and NTT Data, takes the practical case of the European Union to understand the pathway required for a farmer-centric food systems transition.
The digital Silk Road and China’s influence on standard setting
This paper finds that, for the most part, Chinese companies’ leading position in technologies and market share has not translated into more influence at main standard-setting organisations, although it is an important complement to China’s efforts in this regard.
Convergence and divergence: multilateral trade and climate agendas
If the international community wants to make meaningful progress ahead of the 2030 deadline—which critics argue is still too late to avert global catastrophe—major global players should work together to reduce emissions at home and abroad. This paper discusses the politics of climate policy in...
Engaging citizens in cohesion policy
From July 2020-December 2021, the European Commission and the OECD partnered to explore how five authorities across Europe could place citizens at the centre of their investment decisions. This report summarises lessons learned throughout this project and, particularly, the results of applying innovative citizen participation...
The benefits of Brexit: how the UK is taking advantage of leaving the EU
This policy document sets out how the United Kingdom is capitalising on the benefits of 'Brexit' and how the government will use its new freedoms to transform the UK into the best regulated economy in the world.
Informing the disinfo debate: a policy guide for protecting human rights
This report unpacks the main methods of manipulation that internet platforms engage in that harm fundamental rights and provides a set of policy recommendations addressed to lawmakers in the European Union.
2021 Strategic foresight report: the EU’s capacity and freedom to act
This report presents a forward-looking and multidisciplinary perspective on important trends affecting the EU’s capacity and freedom to act in the coming decades, including: climate change and other environmental challenges, digital hyper-connectivity and technological transformations, pressure on democracy and values, as well as shifts in...
The Competition and Markets Authority: a reboot for the 2020s
A majority of businesses do not know that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) enforces competition law in the United Kingdom. In the report, Andrew Tyrie, who chaired the watchdog from 2018 to 2020, makes a number of recommendations for reform of the competition watchdog...
Blending the physical and virtual: a hybrid model for the future of work
The pandemic has shown that many workers can efficiently work remotely, with benefits for wellbeing and even productivity. This paper argues that the European Union should develop a framework to facilitate hybrid work.
Taking back control of regulation: managing divergence from EU rules
The United Kingdom has regained its regulatory autonomy, but it remains unclear how the government plans to exercise it. This report explores how divergence from European Union rules could arise, why the government might want to act differently, the consequences this could have and how...
Zero-carbon power is a key milestone on the route to net-zero
This briefing paper examines the latest energy scenarios informing United Kingdom and European Union policy-making, and compares these with the announced United States target for a zero-carbon electricity system by 2035.
Brexit and UK climate leadership: the emerging opportunities and challenges
This report from the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership examines the opportunities and challenges for climate leadership in the context of Brexit.
What’s ahead for a cooperative regulatory agenda on artificial intelligence?
The European Union has embarked on putting in place an aggressive regulatory regime for artificial intelligence (AI). In this report, Meredith Broadbent comments and reflects on the future of the transatlantic relationship and technological sovereignty.
Managing the UK's relationship with the European Union
Now the United Kingdom has left the European Union (EU), the government needs to work out how it will organise itself to manage its relationship with its largest trading partner. This paper sets out the framework provided by the agreements with the EU, looks at...
Beyond the Union: a new platform for European cooperation
This paper outlines one option for future cooperation on development and foreign policy issues between the European Union, the United Kingdom and the EFTA (European Free Trade Association) countries.
The productivity paradox: policy lessons from MICROPROD
The objective of MICROPROD, an EU-wide research project that runs until the end of 2021, is to understand what is driving the current productivity slowdown and what the potential consequences are for Europe's economic model and its citizens’ welfare. This report summarises the main, policy-relevant...
The agreement on the future relationship: a first analysis
After years of negotiations, the United Kingdom and the European Union have struck a deal on their future relationship. This deal is one of the most critical agreements the UK will negotiate in the post-Brexit era. This paper offers a first attempt at assessing the...
Mapping career causeways: supporting workers at risk
The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc with labour markets, and risks causing widespread worker displacement in the worst affected sectors. This disruption has thrown into sharp relief the lack of timely and detailed careers advice for workers. This report aims to fill that information gap...
The cost of data inadequacy
This report outlines the economic cost and implications of the UK not receiving an adequacy decision from the EU. The authors look at the impact on businesses, different economic sectors, and the wider economy.
Learning in a pandemic
Sixteen million people across Europe were unemployed in September 2020, a rise of about two million since the beginning of the pandemic. FutureFit is a major training and research project up-skilling over 1,000 workers at risk of job displacement. This report presents the findings from...
The Digital Services Act, the Digital Markets Act, and the new competition tool
This paper reviews ongoing deliberations surrounding the EU Digital Services Act (DSA) and Digital Markets Act (DMA). It also discusses possible implications of upcoming legislation for European innovation, the business models of U.S. companies serving European customers, and global digital services standards.