Contributing personnel to UN peacekeeping has been central to Ghana’s foreign policy and essential in shaping the country’s security sector. However, with the police and military still facing considerable challenges at home, and with the prospect of funding for UN peacekeeping missions being cut, Ghana’s domestic stability might be affected.
Ghana has continuously made contributions to UN peacekeeping since the 1960s. Starting just three years after independence in 1957, and maintaining its role in peacekeeping throughout its many unconstitutional changes of government, including military coups, the country has served in over sixty missions across the world. Since the mid-1990s, UN peace-keeping has been increasingly dominated by African and Asian troop contributions. Reflecting this statistic, Ghana is ranked eighth on the list of contributing uniformed personnel, with a total of 2,744, comprising 292 police officers, 79 military experts and 2,328 troops of all ranks serving in nine of the UN’s current fourteen peacekeeping missions.
In all these considerations regarding the link between international peacekeeping and domestic security provision, one thing is clear: the future of UN peacekeeping is uncertain. This is all the more likely because Ghana’s involvement in UN peacekeeping is presented by policy-makers and politicians alike as one of the centrepieces of the country’s foreign policy.