Future Directions International
Future Directions International (FDI) was an independent, not-for-profit research institute. It was established in 2000, by Major General (Retd.) the Honourable Michael Jeffery (former Governor General of Australia), together with a small group of leading Australians, to conduct comprehensive research of important medium to long-term issues facing Australia.
FDI ceased operations in November 2021.
Where did the US go so wrong in Afghanistan?
President Biden’s decision to finally withdraw US forces from Afghanistan was the correct decision and certainly overdue. However, the lack of preparation to do so orderly and safely was yet another terrible mistake in a string of mistakes that have plagued the US from day...
The fall of Afghanistan: can the US be trusted any more?
US President, Joe Biden, has blamed the Afghan Government, its security forces, his predecessor Donald Trump, and the US intelligence community for the fall of Afghanistan. In this paper, Lindsay Hughes asks if the US can be trusted in other difficult situations, such as Taiwan?
The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part four: the US withdrawal from Afghanistan
This report argues that the West must realise that China is prosecuting an undeclared non-kinetic war and, consequently, that it has no option but to retaliate in kind now, when China is weaker than it appears to be because of the Chinese Communist Party’s strategic...
The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part three: the lure and threat of Central Asia
As the first part of this paper showed, China’s planned 'dual-circulation economy', its strategy to reduce its overwhelming economic dependence on exports to fickle Western markets by increasing domestic consumption, is at heightened risk of failure due to its falling birth rates. That strategy is...
The United Kingdom’s Integrated Review: implications for the Indo-Pacific
The British Government recently released its long-awaited and highly-anticipated Integrated Review. The review sets out the government’s vision for a 'Global Britain', as well as the UK’s international role following its withdrawal from the European Union. It conveys that, for a country that has lost...