The report of the Senate Inquiry into the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Terms of reference

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, with particular reference to:
a. the understanding and awareness of the SDG across the Australian Government and in the wider Australian community;
b. the potential costs, benefits and opportunities for Australia in the domestic implementation of the SDG; 
c. what governance structures and accountability measures are required at the national, state and local levels of government to ensure an integrated approach to implementing the SDG that is both meaningful and achieves real outcomes;
d. how can performance against the SDG be monitored and communicated in a way that engages government, businesses and the public, and allows effective review of Australia's performance by civil society;
e. what SDG are currently being addressed by Australia's Official Development Assistance (ODA) program;
f. which of the SDG is Australia best suited to achieving through our ODA program, and should Australia's ODA be consolidated to focus on achieving core SDG;
g. how countries in the Indo-Pacific are responding to implementing the SDG, and which of the SDG have been prioritised by countries receiving Australia's ODA, and how these priorities could be incorporated into Australia's ODA program; and
h. examples of best practice in how other countries are implementing the SDG from which Australia could learn.

Structure of this report

  • Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the SDGs.
  • Chapter 2 outlines the potential benefits, opportunities and costs of implementing the SDGs for Australia (Term of Reference (ToR) b).
  • Chapter 3 summarises suggestions from the evidence for improving the national governance of the SDGs, and monitoring and reporting progress against the goals (ToR c and d).
  • Chapter 4 describes proposals for partnerships on the SDGs between the Australian Government and the international, state, territory and local levels of government (ToR c and d).
  • Chapter 5 includes ideas for partnering with civil society and the private sector to support their engagement with the SDGs, and illustrates the level of awareness of the SDGs in Australia (ToR d and a).
  • Chapter 6 notes examples of how the SDGs are being implemented across the Indo-Pacific, and outlines proposals from the evidence for how to support this through official development assistance (ToR e to g).
  • Chapter 7 details the committee's recommendations.
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