A range of policy recommendations are presented here across the four disciplines of public health, building and construction industry, and urban planning and infrastructure - emerging from CRC for Low Carbon Living (CRCLCL) project research findings related to heat stress in urban Australia:
The excess heat factor was found to be a superior predictor of heat-related hospitalisation in Adelaide predicting up to 77% of the heat-related health issues compared to the 32% predicted by daily maximum temperatures.
People increase their energy and water use by around 20%, and a similar percentage experience heat-related health issues.
Roof insulation and double-glazing reduce heat-related health issues.
The availability and the level of air-conditioning diminish other forms of adaptation and increase reliance on mechanical cooling.
A high Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme (NatHERS) star rating does not necessarily indicate a building with high heat stress resistance.