Migration patterns and the impact of internal remittances on poverty and human capital in Timor-Leste

Poverty Human capital Migrants Emigrant remittances Timor-Leste

This paper uses data from a 3 District household survey in Timor-Leste to analyze migration patterns and the impact of internal remittance receipts on poverty and human capital.

The term ‘remittances’, as defined in this study, refers to money and goods that are transferred to a household by others living outside the community such as migrants, family, friends and/or government solidarity or NGO transfers. Multistage sampling methodology was utilized to randomly select 675 Households from 45 randomly selected villages in Baucau, Ermera and Viqueque, the final sample represented a total of 4272 individuals. In addition, focus group discussions and interviews were carried out in each district providing subjective and qualitative insights into the lived experience of migration and remittances in the study areas.

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