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How children who exit out-of-home care to Guardianship Orders are faring: cognitive abilities

Research report 24-3
Cognitive function Child health Caregivers Foster care Child protection Out-of-home care Parenting and guardianship Kinship care New South Wales

The Pathways of Care Longitudinal Study (POCLS) is funded and managed by the New South Wales Department of Communities and Justice (DCJ). It is the first large-scale prospective longitudinal study of children and young people in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Australia. Information on safety, permanency and wellbeing is being collected from various sources. The child developmental domains of interest are physical health, socio-emotional wellbeing and cognitive/learning ability. The overall aim of this study is to collect detailed information about the life course development of children who enter OOHC for the first time and the factors that influence their development.

This is the third report in the series of analyses using data from the Pathways of Care Longitudinal Study (POCLS) to examine the outcomes of children and young people who exited Out-of-Home Care (OOHC) to guardianship orders. This series of analyses focuses on ‘transitioned guardians’ – that is, OOHC relative/kinship carers who were allocated full parental responsibility for a child and were automatically transitioned to guardianship orders when the legislative amendment was proclaimed on 29 October 2014. The carers of children who received guardianship orders after that day are referred to as the ‘new guardians’ cohort. The children and the carers from the new guardians cohort were not within the scope of these analyses.

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Pathways of Care Longitudinal Study Research Report 24-3