This paper chronicles the 125 Commonwealth Members of Parliament identified as having served during the Colonial wars and/or the First World War.
This research paper is a companion to a previous Parliamentary Library publication, Commonwealth Members of Parliament who have served in war.
This paper chronicles the 125 Commonwealth Members of Parliament (MPs) identified as having served during the Colonial wars and/or the First World War. It includes those who engaged in or were in transit to active service and those who fought for allied countries.
The paper does not include reservists or members of the defence force without active service. Eight such MPs who enlisted but do not appear on the Australian War Memorial’s Embarkation Roll database are listed in Appendix 1.
Honours, awards and decorations for gallantry are listed but campaign service medals are not. One MP, Neville Howse, received the VC during the Boer War. The only MP serving during the Boer War and the First World War to be killed in action was William Johnson, Member for Robertson.
The entry for each MP provides a summary of their war service together with additional pre or post-war military-related information and where applicable, their Commonwealth ministerial career. Each entry gives the MP’s electorate/state, their party, and their term in the Commonwealth Parliament. Further biographical information is available through the referenced sources, which include the Commonwealth Parliamentary Handbooks, the Australian Dictionary of Biography, the Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate, the Australian War Memorial website records (including the embarkation rolls), state Parliamentary Library websites and biographies of individual MPs. A reference guide to named locations is contained in Appendix 2.
Every effort has been made to ensure the information here is as complete and accurate as possible; however, given the sometimes limited publicly available records, this paper contains some omissions.