IZA Institute of Labor Economics

The IZA Institute of Labor Economics is an independent economic research institute that conducts research in labor economics and offers evidence-based policy advice on labor market issues. Supported by the Deutsche Post Foundation, IZA runs the world’s largest network of economists, whose research aims to provide answers to the global labor market challenges of our time. Our key objective is to build bridges between academic research, policymakers and society.

IZA Discussion Papers often represent preliminary work and are circulated to encourage discussion. Citation of such a paper should account for its provisional character. A revised version may be available directly from the author.

Discussion paper

Six-country survey on COVID-19

This paper provides a data set for public use of roughly 6,000 individuals in six countries relating to beliefs about the pandemic, behaviour change, work and living situations, income, and exposure to the virus, socio-demographic characteristics and pre-pandemic health characteristics.

A family affair: job loss and the mental health of spouses and adolescents

This report examines the impact of involuntary job loss on the mental health of family members.
Discussion paper

The economics of child well-being

This paper presents an integrated economic approach that organizes and interprets the evidence on child development. It also discusses the indicators of child well-being that are used in international comparisons. Recent evidence on child development is summarized, and policies to promote child well-being are discussed...

How much do educational outcomes matter in OECD countries?

This paper shows that cognitive skills can account for growth differences within the OECD, whereas a range of economic institutions and quantitative measures of tertiary education cannot. Under the growth model estimates and plausible projection parameters, school improvements falling within currently observed performance levels yield...

The political economy of intergenerational income mobility

International comparisons of intergenerational mobility must take into account differences in politico-economic institutions, according to this study. The intergenerational elasticity of income is considered one of the best measures of the degree to which a society gives equal opportunity to its members. While much research...