Policy frameworks underpinning family-based interventions often assume a father deficit model, one that sees fathers as ineffective or neglectful in the area of child health and development. Our survey presents a more positive picture of fathering.
The early years are a critical time for children’s development. Parents’ engagement in their children’s early development and learning has an impact on children’s later educational and life experiences and parents differ in their levels of engagement.
Parental disadvantage, for example lower household income and lower education level, can affect child wellbeing and development. It has been linked to poorer child physical, emotional and cognitive development.