Fact sheet

Fact Check: Syrian president Bashar al-Assad's sarin gas claim implausible

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad claims sarin is a primitive gas that can be made in a backyard, and could have been used by rebels in the suspected chemical attack in Damascus on August 2013.
Fact sheet

Fact Check: Is it illegal for Australia to bomb Islamic State in Syria?

Independent federal MP Andrew Wilkie claims "it is illegal for Australia to bomb in Syria" because governments can't bomb a sovereign state which poses no threat to other countries.

Sent to a war zone: Turkey's illegal deportations of Syrian refugees

This report reveals that, contrary to the Turkish authorities’ claims that they do not deport anyone to Syria, in mid-2019 it is likely that hundreds of Syrian refugees across Turkey were swept up, detained, and transported against their will to one of the world’s most...

Principled aid in Syria: a framework for international agencies

Throughout the conflict in Syria, the government has severely restricted how and where aid is delivered for military or political purposes. This paper offers a new framework for international humanitarian organizations and UN agencies to provide assistance to those in need.
Literature review

Community-based mental health and wellbeing support for refugees

This Evidence Check was commissioned by the NSW Ministry of Health to provide a summary of evidence from Australia and other countries related to the effectiveness and appropriateness of community-based psychosocial support services and programs for refugees and asylum seekers.

Syria: Australian military operations

This paper provides a summary of Australia’s military operations in Syria and an overview of key associated issues, particularly those relevant to the Parliament. Many of these matters are also relevant to the conduct of operations in Iraq, but this paper does not specifically address...

"I won't forget this carnage" Civilians trapped in battle for Raqqa, Syria

This report documents how hundreds of civilians have been killed and injured since an offensive began in June (2017) to recapture Raqqa, the 'capital' and main stronghold of the armed group, Islamic State (IS).

Caliphate in decline: an estimate of Islamic State’s financial fortunes

This report is based on a systematic review of open source information about the finances of Islamic State in its core territory in Syria and Iraq. Key findings Estimates vary widely. It remains impossible to say exactly how much money Islamic State has at its...

Human slaughterhouse: mass hangings and extermination at Saydnaya prison, Syria

At Saydnaya Military Prison, the Syrian authorities have quietly and methodically organized the killing of thousands of people in their custody. Amnesty International’s research shows that the murder, torture, enforced disappearance and extermination, carried out at Saydnaya since 2011, has been perpetrated as part of...

Water governance in the Tigris-Euphrates Basin

Summary Turkey, Syria and Iraq depend on the Tigris-Euphrates river system for their food and water security. Both rivers have contributed to interstate tension and hostility, and the region is yet to agree on a water-sharing mechanism that could lead to more amicable relations. As...