Pakistan

Report

Against the odds: action for empowerment and accountability in challenging contexts

This research largely took a ‘citizen-eye’ view to the question of how authority is understood, and how citizens, especially marginalised groups, make claims, express grievances, seek to have their voices heard and hold authorities to account.
Journal article

Students’ workplace readiness: assessment and skill-building for graduate employability

This study introduces a new approach for the competence development of the socio-technical aspect. The curriculum of the Project Management (PM) course taught in degree programs concentrates largely on imparting technical knowledge. Current research seeks to direct the attention of the PM curriculum towards Personal...

Working paper

Female autonomy in household decision-making and intimate partner violence: evidence from Pakistan

The aim of this study is to explore the links between female autonomy in household decision-making and intimate partner violence in a highly relevant, yet under-studied context - Pakistan.
Report

The Kartarpur Corridor initiative: can it be a corridor of peace and prosperity in South Asia?

In recent weeks, the media and policymakers in South Asia and beyond have closely followed developments pertaining to the Kartarpur Corridor. The Corridor, opened despite tensions between India and Pakistan over the past year, was inaugurated on 9 November by Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and...
Report

Kashmir and the abrogation of Article 370: a Pakistani perspective

The South Asian subcontinent has been brought to the brink of a serious crisis. Before long, the two adversarial neighbours may again be close to climbing up the ladder of nuclear escalation. The question will be, can they climb down or are they getting themselves...
Report

Kashmir and the abrogation of Article 370: an Indian perspective

Prime Minister Modi’s recent decision to scrap Articles 370 and 35A of the Indian Constitution has stirred controversy across the political spectrum. This article makes the case that Pakistan, which has underplayed the changes effected by India, will, over time, reactivate the proxy war and...
Report

Exit from aid: an analysis of country experiences

This report looks systematically at the impact on development financing of countries’ transition from low- to middle-income status. It includes eight case studies: Egypt, Ghana, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
Report

Climate change and water in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

Climate change poses a major threat to the watersheds of the Hindu Kush region of the Himalayas (HKH). Increasing temperatures are likely to exacerbate existing trends, which cause low water levels in the summer and floods in the winter.
Report

India and Pakistan: Pulwama and the continuation of war by other means

This paper argues that any war between India and Pakistan would be very detrimental to both countries.
Report

Water resources in Pakistan: scarce, polluted and poorly governed

This report outlines how Pakistan continues to experience acute water scarcity, largely driven by drought and intensive agriculture. The author argues that there are few effective channels to mitigate the water crisis and Pakistani governance is lacking.
Report

The United States in South Asia: the Pakistan factor

This paper traces the course of the change in the Pakistan-US relationship, to assess the outlook for a relationship that remains critical to US efforts in Afghanistan and beyond.
Report

China in South Asia: the case of Pakistan

The Sino-Pakistani relationship was forged out of a common desire to limit India. It has since grown beyond that goal, even though it continues to underscore the relationship. The danger for Pakistan, however, is that it could grow over-dependent on China.
Report

Preventing significant cognitive delay in young children in low and middle income countries by ensuring that every child receives adequate stimulation at home: estimating effects in six Asian countries

250 million children under the age of 5 years who live in low-income or middle-income countries are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential. Significant cognitive delay in early childhood is associated with low ‘school readiness’, poor educational attainment, unemployment, social exclusion, poor health...
Working paper

Role of the Council of Islamic Ideology in the Islamisation of laws in Pakistan

Islamisation of laws in Pakistan has been severally explained as a revival of Islam, as the implementation of the vision of Pakistan formulated as Objective Resolution in 1949 passed by the Constituent Assembly soon after its independence in 1949. It is justified as a requirement...
Working paper

Pakistan’s present, past and future

In this essay I will concentrate on economics, my discipline and the one that I have practised not only in Pakistan but in four dozen countries around the world. However, I have learned from this experience that economics should not be separated from other social...
Working paper

Pakistan, power play and a new South Asian paradigm

Pakistan is a country much in focus today. This is not just because of the myriad challenges it confronts. It is also because of its immense potential. A nuclear armed nation, with an overwhelming Muslim majority population, it is often in the news, but, alas...
Report

Pakistan's security outlook in the global power shift - part 2

In recent years, Pakistan has seen a major shift in its foreign and defence policy orientation taking political pundits by surprise. This shift is an outcome of the domestic changes occurring in Pakistan as well as a rapidly changing global world order.
Report

Pakistan’s security outlook in the global power shift - part 1

As a middle income, developing country, and despite being overwhelmed by internal conflicts, political instability and a lack of governance, Pakistan has remained an active international actor in global politics.
Report

Using large-scale assessments of students' learning to inform education policy

This paper presents results from a systematic review of 68 studies that examined the link between participation in large-scale assessment programs of students’ learning and education policy in 32 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
Report

India-Pakistan relations: how can they be improved?

In the last 65 years, India and Pakistan have been unable to resolve their differences and develop a normal good neighbourly relationship, which could have benefitted people on both sides of the border. There have been several attempts to initiate a sustainable peace process, but...