Working paper
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As the energy market transforms, the nature of frequency control in the National Electricity Market (NEM) will change as new services are likely to be needed to complement existing mechanisms. This provides opportunities for applications of fast frequency response (FFR) to play a role in complementing existing frequency control.

The breadth and speed of technological change in the power industry is unprecedented and parts of the NEM are leading the world in terms of new generation penetration. Thus whilst urgency is needed, research and analysis is still evolving in how these new technologies can be best applied to large, complex power systems.

This report aims to develop a common language for discussion across industry, and provide early guidance on the suite of FFR services that may be valuable in future to assist in the efficient management of power system security.

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