Improved transport has enabled our cities to expand whilst still adhering to this rule. From the advent and evolution of public transport to the increased accessibility of personal vehicles, people can access a greater geographical area than ever before. However, we are now reaching a new point for Melbourne where a combination of factors is putting upward pressure on travel time and causing behavioural change.
These behavioural changes impact both the individual and broader society, and can have a negative impact in many ways. For example, an individual may choose a job that doesn’t suit their skillset but is located closer to home. Not only are they less happy at work, but the economy and broader society also suffers due to lost productivity. People may choose not to get medical advice or eat fresh fruit and vegetables due to increased travel, putting their individual health at risk and adding strain to our healthcare system in the longer term. The list goes on.
If we move towards a 30-minute city, we not only reduce these downside factors but also bring into frame a whole new range of positives. People have more time to exercise and spend money in their local community, they will work in roles that match their interests and skills, and more time is able to be dedicated to supporting the family unit.