Horizon to horizon: a Pacific Island country guide to creating long term climate resilience, net zero emissions development and a sustainable future

Climate change mitigation Regional planning Strategic planning Economic development Energy consumption Decarbonisation Renewable energy Alternative fuels Carbon capture and storage Paris Agreement Pacific Area

In addition to their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), the Paris Agreement invited countries to submit long term low GHG emissions development strategies (LT-LEDS) by 2020. These strategies will provide countries with the opportunity to address three pressing and interrelated policy areas; ambitious GHG mitigation, adaptation and climate resilient development. For Pacific Island countries this is particularly relevant. Exposed to extreme weather events and significant climate impacts, many Pacific Island countries have small, open economies, a narrow resource base and the challenges of geographic remoteness. And so any workable Pacific pathway needs to deliver multiple solutions through a more holistic approach.

Ideally therefore, LT-LEDS should support Pacific Island country leaders in the development of an integrated strategy to design and implement a mid-century net zero or very low greenhouse gas emissions pathway that also supports poverty reduction, climate resilience and other sustainable development objectives.

This guide seeks to do just that. It presents an illustrative planning process that aims to support the achievement of mid-century ambitious climate action alongside other socio-economic goals. It is specifically tailored to Pacific Island country audiences, but is also informed by the experience of country teams involved in the Deep Decarbonization Pathway Project, a global collaborative seeking to demonstrate how developed and developing countries can all successfully transition to very low carbon economies, while maintaining economic growth and achieving other sustainable development outcomes. The guide is also designed to complement the ‘2050 Pathways: A Handbook’ and ‘Why develop 2050 pathways?’ fact sheet, both developed by the 2050 Pathways Platform.

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