Therapeutic goods are health-related products. They are used in humans for various reasons including managing illnesses or injuries, altering bodily processes, preventing or testing for pregnancy or replacing or modifying part of the body. Therapeutic goods include medicines (complementary, over-the-counter and prescription), medical devices (such as bandages and pacemakers) and other goods such as blood products and disinfectants. Foods and cosmetics are generally not therapeutic goods. In Australia, therapeutic goods are regulated by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA).
This quick guide provides an overview of how therapeutic goods are approved, how their supply is regulated, and how they are monitored for safety in Australia. It focuses on areas likely to be of interest to the Australian Parliament and is not intended as a comprehensive account of the TGA’s functions.