Forum Leaders agreed through the Cairns Compact in August 2009 that the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) should establish and report annually to the Pacific islands Forum on a process of regular peer review of Forum Island Countries’ (FICs’) national development planning and budget processes to:
a. promote international best practice in key sectors;
b. improve effective budget allocations and implementation to achieve national development priorities; and
c. guide support from development partners.
Given the relative newness of Nauru to planning and aid management, the peer review provided an opportunity for Nauru to identify how to avoid the mistakes of others and progress more quickly to establish systems and processes that promote effective planning, budgeting and oversight and leadership in the management of development cooperation.
The team had the benefit of a self asessment carried out two weeks before the review with the help of the CROP Sustainable Development Working Group, NSDS Partnership. This [provided a description of current planning, reporting and financial management systems and its recommendations for future improvements were a useful starting point for discussions. The present report aims not to go over the same ground, but has developed some of the points in the self-assessment where the review's terms of reference required this, and has gien the team's perspective on some of the recommendations.