Local councils provide waste management services to their residents. They collect domestic waste primarily through kerbside services, but also at council drop off facilities. Waste management is one of the major services local councils deliver. Each year, councils collectively manage an estimated 3.5 million tonnes of waste generated by New South Wales residents.
Waste disposed of in landfills attracts a NSW Government waste levy. Councils’ kerbside services help residents to separate recyclable and non recyclable waste. This reduces the cost of waste disposed to landfill. These services typically provide yellow-lid bins for dry recyclables, green-lid bins for garden organics and red-lid bins for residual waste. To increase the level of recycling, some councils deliver residual waste to alternative waste treatment facilities for processing. This can involve composting and the recovery of resources, including plastics and metals, which can be recycled.
The NSW Government’s target is to increase the municipal solid waste recycling rate to 70 per cent by 2021–22.
This audit assessed how effectively and economically Campbelltown City Council and Fairfield City Council are managing domestic kerbside waste collection, transportation and processing. In making this assessment, the audit examined whether:
- Councils’ activities lead to residents putting recyclable materials into correct recycling bins
- Councils have effective and economical arrangements to collect, transport and process domestic kerbside waste to maximise recycling rates and minimise costs
- Councils are increasing the domestic kerbside recycling rate and meeting their targets.