The evidence base about gambling within many Western cultures, including Australia, is now quite large and it suggests that gambling is a prevalent and culturally accepted activity in Australian culture as elsewhere. However, the evidence base about gambling in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities living in Australia, and other Western nations, remains limited. This paper examines the available literature about gambling participation within culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Australia.
- CALD communities within developed nations—including Australia—tend to participate in gambling less than the overall population, but those who do gamble may be more likely to experience problems.
- CALD people who gamble may be more likely to develop problems than individuals from the general population due to different beliefs about luck and chance, factors relating to migration, and issues around stigma and shame.
- Stigma and shame can create considerable barriers to help seeking in CALD communities.
- Increased access to gambling and migration stressors may increase the chance that migrants might gamble, placing them at additional risk of developing problems.
- Both specific CALD and culturally appropriate mainstream gambling help services are needed to support CALD gamblers and their families.