Conference paper

The concept of local living is gaining popularity around the globe to achieve important objectives ranging from sustainability, public health, community and economic development. Despite common use of this catch-all phrase, there are inconsistencies in its definition, assumptions and objectives, and the instruments used to measure its successful implementation. A key distinction in this time-based urbanism is policies that facilitate dispersed cities by maintaining Marchetti’s constant (30 minutes average commute) and those encouraging local integration by setting upper limits on accessibility by active travel (10 or 20-minute neighbourhoods).

Moreno overcomes the distinction above by defining a “15-minute city” where people ‘live the essence of what constitutes the urban experience: to access work, housing, food, health, education, culture and leisure’ within a 15-minute walk or bike ride where ‘humans’ replace ‘cars’ as the centre of the city, supported by an increased provision of active transport infrastructure.


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