Aquatic biosecurity is a system of procedures for dealing with the risks of diseases, pests and other hazards (such as genetic pollution) in aquatic environments. In the Pacific region, the main aims of aquatic biosecurity are to safeguard human health, the environment, and national economies.
Good biosecurity requires a holistic and proactive approach. This requires proper quarantine services to prevent the introduction of invasive species, adequate disease surveillance to detect and control disease outbreaks, and food quality control systems to protect the health of people who eat of fish products.
Pacific Island country and territories (PICTs) have an obligation to maintain biosecurity through their commitments to international agreements such as the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and the United Nation’s Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).