This report is a compilation of the latest available Victorian cancer statistics.
Cancer is a leading cause of disease burden in Victoria with an average of 81 new diagnoses every day. In 2013, 29,738 Victorians were diagnosed with cancer.
Since 1982, cancer incidence rates have steadily increased (annual increases of 0.8% for men and 0.6% for women), though falling prostate cancer rates have resulted in recent decreases in male incidence.
There are 30 deaths from cancer in Victoria every day. In 2013, 11,009 people died from cancer.
Death rates have declined steadily since 1982 (falls of 1.4% per year for males and 1.1% for females). This reflects earlier detection of cancers through screening, falling tobacco use, especially by males, and improvements in treatment.
In 2013, cancer deaths in Victoria resulted in the premature loss of nearly 62,000 years of life. This is more than four times the loss resulting from other major causes of death.
Most common cancers
The five most common cancers in Victoria are prostate, breast, bowel, lung and melanoma, together accounting for almost 60% of all new cancers and half of all cancer deaths.
During the period 1988-2012, five-year survival increased from 48% to 67%. Between the last two five-year periods, survival improved from 62% to 67%.
It is estimated that by 2024-2028 the annual incidence of cancer will reach over 41,000, an increase of 43% from 2009-2013. During the same period, deaths from cancer will increase to over 14,000 per year. Although actual numbers of new cases and deaths are increasing rapidly, this is largely due to the growth and ageing of the Victorian population.