The location (or siting) of new development in relation to other elements of the urban area, such as shopping or employment centres, is known to influence travel patterns, particularly for trips such as journeys to work. Similarly, the design of a development, including such matters as density, land use mixing and connectivity, is now generally understood to influence travel patterns, especially for local trips such as journeys to shops or to schools. By altering either location or design choices it may be possible to increase the opportunities that future populations will have to access the goods and services they need. This paper is concerned with a project to develop a diagnostic tool that seeks to allow decision-makers and others to rate the residential travel performance of land use developments and to identify means to improve that performance. The project aims to measure the extent of travel made and the modes of travel used by residential populations and, with the assistance of accessibility analysis techniques, to use this information as a means to rate the effect of a development’s location and design on residential travel. This work is being undertaken to assist in influencing the location and design of urban development to ensure that residential travel patterns contribute to sustainability objectives.
The State of Australian Cities (SOAC) national conferences have been held biennially since 2003 to support interdisciplinary policy-related urban research.
This paper was presented at SOAC 2 held in Brisbane from 30 November to 2 December 2005.
SOAC 2 was hosted by the Urban Research Program at the South Bank campus, Queensland Conservatorium, Griffith University.
The principal intention of the conference was to lead a dialogue between leading researchers on the state of Australian cities and where they might be headed. SOAC 2 was designed to lead to a better understanding of the research needs of Australian cities and to provide those in the public and private sectors with a better appreciation of the current state and capacities of researchers.
SOAC 2 brought together participants from a wide range of fields, including:
academics, researchers, policy makers, private and public sector practitioners, leaders in government, social commentators and the media.
Conference papers published fromSOAC 2 were subject to a peer review process prior to presentation at the conference, with further editing prior to publication.