In 2009, the Australian Feral Camel Management Project was established with support from the Australian Government to manage the impacts of feral camels on:
• nominated environmental sites, which are generally rangelands water sources and surrounding vegetation (Figure 2)
• pastoral vegetation and therefore soil quality.
Despite a focus on the above forms of impact, the project had incidental but important benefits in reducing the impact of feral camels on:
• cultural sites
• pastoral infrastructure, including fences and waterpoints
• human safety, due to feral camel presence on roads, airstrips and in remote communities.
The project also provided the opportunity to improve our knowledge of feral camel population dynamics and movement.