Robert H. Crawford

Journal article

Plug n Play: Future Prefab for Smart Green Schools

While relocatable, prefabricated learning environments have formed an important component of school infrastructure in Australia, prefabrication for permanent school buildings is a new and emerging field. This review of prefabrication for schools is timely. In 2017, Australia’s two largest state education departments committed to prefabrication...
Journal article

A framework for the integrated optimisation of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions and cost of buildings

Evaluating building design options with a focus on simultaneously minimising life cycle greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and life cycle cost (LCC) is difficult due to a lack of comprehensive and accessible tools. An integrated approach where life cycle GHG and LCC performance can be balanced...
Journal article

The Australian industrial ecology virtual laboratory and multi-scale assessment of buildings and construction

As global population and urbanization increase, so do the direct and indirect environmental impacts of construction around the world. Low-impact products, buildings, precincts and cities are needed to mitigate the effects of building construction and use. Analysis of embodied energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions...

The “forgotten” greenhouse gas emissions of our built environment will be a hard nut to crack

New research shows that 90 megatonnes of greenhouse gas emissions are emitted annually in constructing new buildings and infrastructure and maintaining the existing ones. Reducing this liability of “embodied” emissions will be much harder than building zero-carbon buildings. Here is why.
Literature review

Towards an integrated approach for evaluating both the life cycle environmental and financial performance of a building: a review

A building is responsible for the emission of a significant amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the various stages of its life cycle. Industry and government have been primarily focused on assessing and implementing mitigation measures related to the operational GHG emissions of buildings...