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United Kingdom

Report

Tackling rising inflation and slowing growth: government’s big decision on how to share the pain

The economic crisis facing the United Kingdom is very different to the 2008 financial crash and the early 1990s recession – which means a very different response is required by the government, argues Gemma Tetlow in this report.
Policy report

Passing the net zero test: how to achieve policy coherence on climate change

Net zero is a huge national mission in the United Kingdom that will require policies from the whole-of-government to pull in the same direction. This report, which draws on a roundtable held in February 2022, explores how that objective might be achieved.
Briefing paper

Solving the childcare challenge

Britain has the highest childcare costs in the developed world – a typical two-earner family in the UK spends around 30% of their household income on nurseries and childminders. This briefing paper puts forward a threefold solution that would deliver for families and the economy...
Briefing paper

Cutting the cost of living

This briefing paper outlines a host of measures that the UK Government could implement immediately to help address the short term challenges of the cost of living crisis – most at minimal or no cost to the Treasury.
Report

Preparing for take off: speeding up the switch to sustainable aviation fuel

In this report, the authors consider policies related to sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), including the types of alternative fuel available and the consequences of different levels of uptake. They also provide recommendations on how best to employ them to reduce aviation emissions.
Report

Working together: the case for universal employment support

This report examines employment support services in the United Kingdom which help people find work. It recommends introducing a new system, the Universal Work Service, which would offer integrated employment support, skills and careers advice services.
Literature review

How did working from home during COVID-19 impact productivity? A literature review

This paper aims to analyse different approaches used to capture the impact of COVID-19 on labour productivity. To this end, it presents a brief framework for understanding the concept of productivity and the measures most commonly used to determine it. Then, it reviews different empirical...
Report

Road to renewal: elections, parties and the case for democratic reform

In this paper, the authors argue democratic reforms to enhance the influence of ordinary and underpowered citizens over public policy are a necessary component of any strategy to recapture lost electorates and reinforce the foundations of democracy.
Report

No-one left behind: supporting people with complex needs on universal credit

For the UK social security system to provide an effective social safety net, it must work for everyone. This paper examines the role of discretion as exercised by work coaches at Jobcentre Pluses in the experience of people claiming universal credit who are out of...
Report

Migration and the future of care: supporting older people and care workers

This report analyses the intersection between the older persons’ care sector and migration. The report concludes with recommendations to policy-makers in high-income, rapidly ageing countries that are struggling with these issues.
Position paper

The Online Safety Bill: Demos position paper

The UK Government’s Online Safety Bill has finally been published, almost three years since the initial Online Harms White Paper that began the debate about digital regulation in the United Kingdom. This document sets out recommendations to help inform the forthcoming Parliamentary process and, should...
Report

UK, Australia and ASEAN cooperation for safer seas

A safe and secure Indo-Pacific maritime domain is vital to the UK, Australia and Southeast Asian states for their national prosperity. This report recommends UK–Australia–ASEAN cooperation to elevate and further explore the cyber–maritime security nexus.
Strategy

Tackling domestic abuse plan

The aim of this plan is to drive down the prevalence of domestic abuse and domestic homicide in the United Kingdom, and provide victims and survivors with the support they need.
Report

A matter of life and death: explaining the wider determinants of health in the UK

To address health inequalities, the authors of this report argue that change is needed in the the way that we communicate about the wider determinants of health – to increase public understanding and to build space for policy change.
Report

The coming deluge: scenario analysis for underwriting in a changing climate

This paper considers the options, implications and communication of scenario analysis for underwriting non-life insurance. It raises awareness of different natural catastrophe modelling approaches and highlights the valuable insights that can be generated across the insurance business
Briefing paper

Access to and delivery of general practice services: a study of patients at practices using digital and online tools

This briefing examined data from 146 GP practices in England using the askmyGP online consultation system between 1 March 2019 and 30 September 2021. The analysis shows that patients often choose remote over face-to-face consultations and that GP practices can mitigate the risk of digital...
Report

COVID-19: housing market impacts and housing policy responses - an international review

Two years after the outbreak of COVID-19, this report analyses pandemic impacts on housing systems across a range of high income countries during this period, and documents a range of policy responses relating to housing and homelessness.
Report

WhatsApp in government: how ministers and officials should use messaging apps – and how they shouldn’t

This report looks at the increasing use of WhatsApp and other messaging apps in government, and their associated risks and benefits. These apps are useful but need to be used carefully to ensure the downsides – including a lack of transparency, poor communication and poor...
Working paper

You’re not speaking my language: policy discontinuity and coordination gaps between the UK’s national economic strategies and its place-based policies

Lack of consistency and coordination has long been noted as a failing of UK government policies, but it has previously been difficult to assess the extent of the policy discontinuity. In this paper, the authors present evidence from text analysis of a startling lack of...
Report

Cutting the cost of living with a green economy

This report outlines how policies in the United Kingdom that cut emissions can also reduce the cost of living, both now and in the future.