Report

The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part four: the US withdrawal from Afghanistan

This report argues that the West must realise that China is prosecuting an undeclared non-kinetic war and, consequently, that it has no option but to retaliate in kind now, when China is weaker than it appears to be because of the Chinese Communist Party’s strategic...
Report

Chinese disinformation efforts on social media

The Chinese military's focus on information warfare is expanding to include information operations on social media. This report describes how the People's Liberation Army (PLA) might direct social media disinformation campaigns against the United States and its armed forces, especially the U.S. Air Force
Report

The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part three: the lure and threat of Central Asia

As the first part of this paper showed, China’s planned 'dual-circulation economy', its strategy to reduce its overwhelming economic dependence on exports to fickle Western markets by increasing domestic consumption, is at heightened risk of failure due to its falling birth rates. That strategy is...
Report

“They don’t understand the fear we have”

This report from Human Rights Watch asserts that Australian universities have failed to protect the academic freedom of students from China, and of academics who criticise the Chinese Communist Party.
Report

What if …? Economic consequences for Australia of a US-China conflict over Taiwan

What if China were to attempt to seize Taiwan by force and the US and allies responded militarily? One consequence would be the disruption of China’s trade with many countries, including Australia. This study is focused on the likely short-term shock to Australia’s economy and...
Policy report

Crucial collaboration: the case for closer Australia-UK defence and security ties in light of a rising China

This paper argues that the now is the time to broaden and deepen the Australia-UK relationship as the post-Brexit UK tilts to the Indo-Pacific. It outlines ways to collaborate on defence, intelligence and security and to tackle grey-zone interference, through both working together and with...
Report

The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part two: the failure of China’s foreign relations

This paper examines some of the measures that countries are taking to reduce their ties to China. It argues that China is becoming increasingly isolated from developed countries, which places its economy at further risk, and has the potential to derail Xi Jinping plans to...
Report

The challenges to China’s national rejuvenation – part one: the demographic and technological deficits

China’s aggressive and confrontational policies have seen many countries come together to counter its mercenary expansionism in terms of territory, trade and commerce, military capacity and political influence, writes Lindsay Hughes.
Policy report

Australia’s South China Sea challenges

Australia’s current South China Sea policies are under strain from two sides. This briefing argues that Australia should advocate for regular Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) Leaders’ Summits and inclusion of China’s unlawful maritime claims and activities in the South China Sea on the agenda.
Report

In broad daylight: Uyghur forced labour and global solar supply chains

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has placed millions of indigenous Uyghur and Kazakh citizens from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region into what the government calls 'surplus labour and 'labour transfer' programs. Many indigenous workers are unable to refuse or walk away from these jobs...