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China

Report

Turning point? Putin, Xi, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine

At their Beijing summit in February 2022, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin proclaimed a 'friendship without limits.' Yet Putin’s invasion of Ukraine, and the Chinese response to it, has exposed the limitations of the Sino–Russian partnership, argues Bobo Lo in this...
Book

China Story yearbook 2021: contradiction

This book offers an accessible take on this complex and contradictory moment in the history of China and of the world.
Briefing paper

Taiwan and the dangerous illogic of deterrence by denial

The author of this paper argues that although there are many compelling reasons to prefer that Taiwan remain democratic and retain its affinity with the West, these outcomes are not so vital as to merit a strategy for which the immediate consequence of failure is...
Report

Shaping the future of small and medium-sized cities: a framework for digital transformation

At present, the digitalisation level of small and medium-sized cities (SMCs) varies greatly in different regions of the world and at different economic levels. This report examines the challenges of digital transformation in SMCs from four viewpoints - society, economy, governance and environment.
Report

Migration and the future of care: supporting older people and care workers

This report analyses the intersection between the older persons’ care sector and migration. The report concludes with recommendations to policy-makers in high-income, rapidly ageing countries that are struggling with these issues.
Report

The digital Silk Road and China’s influence on standard setting

This paper finds that, for the most part, Chinese companies’ leading position in technologies and market share has not translated into more influence at main standard-setting organisations, although it is an important complement to China’s efforts in this regard.
Report

Convergence and divergence: multilateral trade and climate agendas

If the international community wants to make meaningful progress ahead of the 2030 deadline—which critics argue is still too late to avert global catastrophe—major global players should work together to reduce emissions at home and abroad. This paper discusses the politics of climate policy in...
Report

Revising down the rise of China

The authors of this report argue that China will likely experience a substantial long-term growth slowdown, owing to demographic decline, the limits of capital-intensive growth and a gradual deceleration in productivity growth.
Report

Tweet dreams: looking for evidence of Chinese government influence on Twitter

This research debunks speculation that a major state-backed campaign was deployed to influence political discourse in Australia on social media. The research analysed more than 69,000 tweets, from two low-points in Australia-China relations in 2020, and found no evidence the CCP was using bots to...
Briefing paper

Producing policy-relevant China research and analysis in an era of strategic competition

This brief report explores the challenge of producing policy-relevant China research and analysis. Policy-relevant research is defined as work that drives action, affects decision-making, or both. It’s the kind of research think tanks seek to do, bridging the gap between academia and civil servants who...
Report

From "China shock" to deglobalisation shock: China's WTO accession and US economic engagement 20 years on

This report evaluates some of the widely held assumptions about the implications of China’s reintegration into the world economy; the “China shock” to the US economy; the supposed failure of US economic engagement with China; and the role of the World Trade Organization.
Policy report

Borrowing mouths to speak on Xinjiang

This report explores how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) uses foreign social media influencers to shape and push messages domestically and internationally about Xinjiang that are aligned with its own preferred narratives.
Report

The Internet of Things: China’s rise and Australia’s choices

The Internet of Things (IoT) is connecting a growing range of economic and social activity across national borders. This trend threatens to disadvantage Australia and requires policies to build up the country’s own technological capacities, while devising innovative ways to manage the risks entailed in...
Chapter

How standard Zhuang has met with market forces

Although centred on a case study in China, this research chapter explains a key point relevant to minority and Indigenous language support in Australia and New Zealand: that language standardisation (an aspect of public policy) can make a language less accessible to its speakers, rather...
Policy report

#StopXinjiang rumours: the CCP’s decentralised disinformation campaign

This report analyses two Chinese state-linked networks seeking to influence discourse about Xinjiang across platforms including Twitter and YouTube. This activity targeted the Chinese-speaking diaspora, as well as international audiences, sharing content in a variety of languages.
Working paper

The law and policy of VAT tourist tax refund schemes: a comparative analysis

This paper does an analysis of the main elements of the European Union VAT tourism tax refund scheme and then focuses on a detailed comparative case study of the design and administration of the tourism tax refund schemes in the GST of Australia and the...
Report

Lines blurred: Chinese community organisations in Australia

This research paper examines Australia’s foreign interference debate and Beijing’s reach in supporting Chinese-Australian community organisations.
Report

China, climate politics and COP26

It is almost inevitable that competition between regional blocs — China, the United States, and Europe being the three most significant actors in this context — will increasingly be a feature of climate policy. This paper examines China's ambition to become carbon-neutral by 2060.
Report

Time to ‘step up’ the tempo: Australia’s answer to Beijing in Papua New Guinea

This paper argues that the opportunistic nature of Chinese foreign policy demands vigilance from Australian policy-makers. It recommends some ways Australia can use its tools of statecraft to mitigate China’s influence and competition.
Policy report

The architecture of repression: unpacking Xinjiang’s governance

This project maps and analyses the governance mechanisms employed by the Chinese Communist Party-state in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2021 within the context of the region’s ongoing human rights crisis. For policy-makers, this report will provide an evidence base to inform policy responses including possible...