Fifteen Living Laboratories have been developed across Australia over the past 5 years under the auspices of the CRC for Low Carbon Living. The establishment of the Living Labs has been a significant investment and this report outlines the Living Labs and proposes a model and implementation plan for the facility moving ahead. The 15 Living Labs can be categorised into a typology with four types: community-based, embedded; purpose built and urban. The Living Labs have been entered into an open access on-line resource to provide a story map. Each Living Lab has been assessed in terms of status, scale and economic viability, as well as commercial outcomes (gems and tools). A proposal is made for collating the Living Labs under four regional hubs, using the Adelaide consolidation example, and then developing these into viable entities as outlined below.
With the need for commercial viability in mind a systematic review of the literature on Living Labs business models was made. This allowed an identification of how the 15 Australian living Labs have made progress in terms of ideation and co-creation processes, but also the gaps in bringing stakeholders into the process, as well as venturing and commercialisation. The emergent model was tested in a workshop with a range of stakeholders where the importance of the following was identified:
• Clear core value proposition
• Strong commercial structure and funding model
• Diverse range of stakeholders (academic, business, entrepreneurs, investors) in the innovation ecosystem
• Balance of research base and commercial outcomes
• Demonstrated scaling of solutions.
Finally, an implementation plan for consolidating the Living Labs is proposed.