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Between March and November 2018, the Secretariat of the Asia Dialogue on Forced Migration (ADFM) conducted an assessment of the risk of human trafficking, migrant smuggling and related exploitation arising from the Rohingya displacement in Cox’s Bazar.

This assessment report finds that the conditions for high levels of trafficking, smuggling and related exploitation are present and will only intensify with time, affecting both the Rohingya and Bangladeshi populations.

The assessment recognises that Bangladesh and its international partners have delivered a generous and effective humanitarian response so far, but more needs to be done to support actors on the ground, particularly in addressing protection concerns.

The durable solution to this crisis lies in the safe, dignified, voluntary and sustainable repatriation of the Rohingya to Rakhine State in Myanmar. The Government of Myanmar must continue to work towards this goal.

The assessment highlights the presence of risk factors for trafficking, smuggling and exploitation in Cox’s Bazar. To address these risk factors, the assessment makes recommendations within four policy directions, namely:

  • Securing a durable solution in Myanmar;
  • Supporting development in Cox’s Bazar and Rakhine State;
  • Strengthening counter-trafficking efforts on both sides of the border; and
  • Improving living conditions for the Rohingya, and the ability of actors on the ground to respond effectively.

Movements of people are already increasing, including by boat, and these are affecting the whole region. Active involvement and coordination of regional actors – such as ASEAN and the Bali Process – in tackling this challenge will make a significant difference to the response on the ground.

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