This important assessment of the sector identifies significant biogas potential in Australia is comparable to the current biogas production in Germany, equivalent to almost 9 per cent of Australia’s total final energy consumption. Moreover, the investment opportunity for new bioenergy and energy from waste projects is estimated at $A3.5 to 5.0 billion, with the potential to avoid up to 9 million tonnes of CO2e emissions each year. In Australia, however, there are several barriers that need to be overcome in order to maximise the sector’s potential. The report reviews these barriers and provides some recommendations to advance Australia’s biogas sector. The slow uptake of the technology has essentially been due to the difficult financial environment, policy uncertainty and grid connectivity.