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Working paper

The European social economy provides over 13.6 million paid jobs in Europe, accounting for 6.3% of the total EU working population of the 28 EU member countries. Despite its size, the social economy remains invisible in the national accounts and statistics around Europe, a hurdle that constitutes a major challenge. This report explores the recent evolution of the social economy in the EU. It focuses on three areas:

1) the social economy and the emergent concepts and movements.

2) the public policies adopted in both the EU and the member states in recent years to enhance the social economy sector.

3) measuring the weight of the social economy in each EU country. 

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