Unlike other studies that focus on refugees’ education, employment, English proficiency and health, this study shines a light on under-researched social and civic dimensions of integration.

This study shines a light on under-researched dimensions of integration. Using the framework of integration originally developed in 2008 and updated by the UK Home Office in 2019, this research examines four dimensions of integration: social bonds, social bridges, social links, and rights and responsibilities. Social bonds describe connections that link members of a group; social bridges the connections between groups; and social links refer to connections between individuals and structures of the state, such as government services and institutions. Rights and responsibilities refer to knowledge, access and fulfilment of social and civic rights and responsibilities. The research examines these dimensions from the perspectives of refugees themselves and their everyday experiences of welcome, participation and belonging in the early stages of settlement.

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