A scoping review to explore the experiences and outcomes of younger people with disabilities in residential aged care facilities
Objective: In Australia, over 6,000 adults younger than 65 have been inappropriately placed in nursing homes designed to accommodate older adults. The primary aim of this review was to map the literature on the experiences and outcomes of young people with disability who are placed in aged care.
Methods: A scoping review of the published literature from 2009–2018 was conducted using Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and Scopus.
Results: Eleven articles were identified (7 qualitative, 3 mixed methods, 1 quantitative). Results demonstrated the inability of aged care facilities to meet the basic human needs of young people (e.g., privacy, physical, sexual, social, nutritional, emotional need) and highlighted the lack of choice young people with disability have in regards to rehabilitation and housing. There was limited data relating to the trajectory and support needs of young people placed in aged care facilities.
Conclusions: This review highlights the negative outcomes young people experience while living in aged care. Future research should investigate the trajectory and support needs of young people in aged care facilities. Systemic changes are required to meet the needs of young people with complex needs at risk of admission to aged care including timely rehabilitation and housing and support options.