Discussion paper

A register-based census: what is the potential for New Zealand?

Community development Census New Zealand Finland Denmark

Some countries, including Finland and Denmark, are now conducting their population censuses using administrative data registers rather than a nationwide survey of households.

This information paper describes the main features of a register-based census, and the necessary pre-conditions for this approach. The pre-conditions are: a strong legal basis, public approval, unified identification systems, and comprehensive and reliable register systems developed for administrative needs. The administrative registers would need to include a population register and a national address register. We consider how well-placed New Zealand is for meeting these pre-conditions.

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