Meat consumers today prefer lean meat. Butchers need consistent products that always meet specification. Goats can produce lean mean but it is a common myth that goats are always lean. This myth is based on observations made on dairy type goats and on poorly fed goats. Australian goat meat buyers discriminate against goats if their carcasses are too fat. So how much meat and fat are in Australian goat carcasses? These issues are the subject of this Agriculture Note.