Conference paper

Transport, housing and urban form: the life cycle transport and housing impact of city centre apartments compared with suburban dwellings

Low carbon cities Cities and towns Energy consumption Urban planning Housing Transport Adelaide
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Abstract: Transport and housing activities account for a significant proportion of a household’s energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, life cycle analysis is used to calculate the total transport and housing energy and emissions from a sample of 41 households resident in seven apartment buildings in Adelaide City Centre. The analysis includes delivered energy and greenhouse gas emissions generated by motorised travel and activities within the dwelling (heating, cooling, water heating, cooking, electrical appliances etc.); and the energy and emissions embodied in household motor vehicles and the apartment buildings. The study builds on previous research which calculated the life cycle energy and emissions from a sample of 212 inner suburban and outer suburban households living in detached, semi-detached, unit and terraced dwellings (Perkins, 2002). In that analysis it was found that certain urban form variables were significant in explaining the variance in energy use and emissions between households. The results for the expanded sample of households are compared with reference to key urban form factors (location, density, dwelling type), and to socio-demographic variables (income, family type, employment, age profile). Inferences are drawn concerning the impact of the urban form factors on the total transport and housing energy and emissions of the expanded sample, and the impact of urban form on the transport and housing specific activities.

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