Working paper

Industrial biotechnology: changes in supply chains and skills needs

Industrial biotechnology (IB) increasingly shows its potential to disrupt European manufacturing industries, notably by overthrowing existing supply chains and dependencies. IB also introduces new production technologies that allow for materials with added functionality. The main purpose of the study is to better understand, and allow...
Working paper

Industrial internet of things: digitisation, value networks and changes in work

The Industrial internet of things (IIoT) is a concept that refers to the integration of complex physical machinery with networked sensors and software in industry. The internet serves as the channel through which information flows and through which objects in a factory (and between factories)...
Working paper

Advanced industrial robotics: taking human-robot collaboration to the next level

This study provides insights into the actions and strategies of public and private stakeholders in Advanced Industrial Robotics (AIR). Trade unions, but also some politicians and governments, express some degree of reluctance to the ever-increasing use of AIR and automation in general.
Working paper

How computerisation is transforming jobs: evidence from the European Working Conditions Survey

This paper investigates changes in the task content, methods and tools of European jobs from 1995 to 2015. Drawing on the taxonomy of tasks proposed by Bisello and Fernández-Macías (2016), this work tries to better understand whether changes in the average intensity of tasks performance...
Strategy

Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI

The guidelines put forward a set of 7 key requirements that the expert group believes AI systems should meet in order to be deemed trustworthy. A specific assessment list aims to help verify the application of each of the key requirements. The first draft of...
Report

An inclusive circular economy: priorities for developing countries

Developing economies will struggle to grow sustainably without significant investment in recycling, reusing and repairing used raw materials and products. This paper looks at opportunities to coordinate regional trade policies and investment programmes to rapidly scale up the circular economy in the developing world.
Draft report

Global strategy on digital health: 2020-2024

The purpose of a global strategy on digital health is to promote healthy lives and wellbeing for everyone, everywhere, at all ages. This draft strategy sets out a vision, strategic objectives and a framework for action to advance digital health. It has been developed in...
Briefing paper

Complex strategic coercion and Russian military modernization

The purpose of this briefing paper is to consider the capability and utility of contemporary Russian forces in relation to Vladimir Putin’s strategic goals. Specifically, this paper examines the critical role played by Russia’s 'new look' military force in the realization of Moscow’s political goals...
Briefing paper

Drug checking as a harm reduction tool for recreational drug users: opportunities and challenges

This briefing is about drug checking or pill testing in a number of European countries. The drug checking programs aim of providing targeted preventive messages to recreational drug users.
Report

Human value in the digital age

Our PwC CEO Survey showed that 92% of the world’s CEOs agree that in an increasingly digital world it is becoming ever more important to have a strong corporate purpose. Within PwC, we found that a sizeable majority of our 220,000 people voted for a...
Draft report

Financial toolkit – preliminary report – M19 (ABRACADABRA report)

Retrofitting has been proposed as a method to significantly reduce energy consumption and emission derived from the housing sector. Having said this it remains clear that severe restraints remain; and the concept of a “one solution fits all” is at the very least unrealistic. As...
Draft report

Mapping of existing technologies to enhance energy efficiency in buildings in the UNECE region (draft report)

In a prior study entitled “Mapping of Existing Energy Efficiency Standards and Technologies in Buildings in the UNECE Region”, the UN Committee on Housing and Land Management (CHLM) and the Committee on Sustainable Energy (CSE) commissioned a comparative study on building standards in the UNECE...
Report

Level(s): a guide to Europe's new reporting framework for sustainable buildings

Level(s) provides a unique opportunity for the building sector to focus on the potential of buildings in addressing global challenges. By linking the building’s individual performance to key global and regional priorities, it is assured that buildings designed using the Level(s) framework are realising their...
Report

Testing Level(s) - conference background report

Level(s) is a voluntary reporting framework to assess the sustainability of buildings. Using existing standards, Level(s) provides a common EU approach to the assessment of environmental performance in the built environment. On the 4th of December 2017, 80 pioneering organisations committed to test Level(s) joined...
Report

Driving transformational change in the construction value chain: reaching the untapped potential

In this report commissioned by the i24c initiative, BPIE investigates opportunities to strengthen Europe’s industrial leadership in the construction value chain, in order to deliver a fast and deep decarbonisation together with economic and competitive advantages in and for Europe, particularly through innovation. Innovation opportunities...
Report

Digitally-enabled automation and artificial intelligence: shaping the future of work in Europe's digital front-runners

Technology in many ways is perfectly conceived to operate in the workplace, bringing an ability to operate around the clock at increasing levels of accuracy and productivity. Since the Industrial Revolution, machines have been the ideal colleague, performing some of the most mind-numbing tasks and...
Discussion paper

Racing with or against the machine? Evidence from Europe

A fast-growing literature shows that technological change is replacing labor in routine tasks, raising concerns that labor is racing against the machine. This paper is the first to estimate the labor demand effects of routine-replacing technological change (RRTC) for Europe as a whole and at...
Briefing paper

Efficiency First: A new paradigm for the European Energy System

In February 2015 the principle of ‘Efficiency First’ (E1st) was formally endorsed by the European Commission within the framework of the Energy Union.
Discussion paper

Smart Buildings in a Decarbonised Energy System

Buildings can balance the grid through proactive energy demand management and can play a leading role in transforming the EU energy market, shifting from centralised, fossil-fuel-based systems towards a decentralised, renewable, interconnected and variable system. Many actors agree that buildings have a role in shaping...
Strategy

ZEBRA 2020 – Nearly Zero-Energy Building Strategy 2020

European legislation makes nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (nZEBs) a standard by 2020. The technology is available and proven; however, the large-scale uptake of nZEB construction and renovation remains a challenge. ZEBRA2020 monitored the market uptake of nZEBs across Europe and provided data and knowledge on how...